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Basic Of computer Software


What is Computer software?

Computer software, also called software, is a set of instructions and its documentations that tells a computer what to do or how to perform a task. Software includes all different software programs on a computer, such as applications and the operating system.

Types of Software:-

-there are different types of software are list as follows:-

1.      System Software

2.      Application Software

3.      Programming languages

1. System Software
it is a software which is used to manage the behavior of the computer hardware in order to offer basic functionalities which are needed by the user. In simpler word, it can be said that system software is essentially an inter mediator or even a middle layer between the user as well as the hardware

The other example of system software is a device driver which is used to control some specific device which is connected to computer systems like mouse or keyboard. The device driver software is used to convert input/ output instructions of OS to messages so that the device can read and understand. The system software can be run in the background or can be executed directly by the user.

Ø  Types Of System Software:-

I) Operating System
Operating System Being a prominent example for system software, it is essentially a collection of software which handles resources as well as offers general services for various other application which actually run over them. There are different types of operating systems like embedded, real-time, distributed, single-user, multi-user, mobile, internet and much
examples of OS:-

  • MS Windows
  • macOS
  • Linux
  • iOS
  • Android
  • CentOS
  • Ubuntu
  • Unix
  • Redhat

II) Firmware
It is essentially a set of instructions which are permanently stored onto to the hardware device. It offers vital information regarding how a particular device interacts with different other hardware. 

examples of Firmware: -

  • Computer Peripherals
  • Embedded Systems

III) Device Drivers
This type of software controls particular hardware which is essentially attached to the system. Different hardware devices which require a driver to connect to a system easily consist of displays, printers, sound cards, hard disks, keyboard, and mice. 
examples of Device Drivers: -

  • BIOS Driver
  • Display Drivers
  • ROM Drivers
  • Printer Drivers
  • USB Drivers
  • Audio Drivers
  • Card reader drivers
  • Motherboard Drivers

III) Utility 

This software is designed to assist in analyzing, as well as optimizing, along with configuring and maintaining a given computer system. It provides support to the computer infrastructure. Software like disk cleanup and management tools, anti-viruses, defragmenters, compression tools etc. are all utility software.

examples of Utility: -

  • Windows File Explorer
  • McAfee Antivirus
  • C Cleaner
  • WinRAR
  • Razer Cortex
  • WinZip
  • Directory Opus

2. Application Software

 They are also popularly known as end-user programs or even productivity programs which assist the user in completing various tasks like conducting online research, making notes, designing graphics, maintaining accounts, carrying out calculations or even playing computer games. They essentially lie above the system software. They are actually used by the end-user as well as have specific functionality or tasks which they are designed to perform. This software is often developed through custom software development, based on the requirements of the users. There is a variety of application software

Ø  Types of Application Software: -

I) Multimedia Software

is a software which is used to play and create as well as record images, audio or even video files. This software is utilized for animation, video editing, graphics as well as image editing. Due to the high demand for such software, every software product development company has vast avenues in developing them.

examples of multimedia Software:-     

  • Adobe Photoshop
  • Adobe Photoshop
  • Pinnacle Studio
  • Windows Media Player
  • Picasa
  • VLC Media Player
  • Movie Maker

II) Database Software

Database software is used to create as well as manage a database and also known as Database Management System DBMS.

 examples of database Software:

          ·        FileMaker
    ·        dBase Clipper 
    ·        MySQL FoxPro
    ·        Oracle
    ·        BM DB2
    ·        Altibase
    ·        Microsoft SQL Server
    ·        SAP Sybase ASE
    ·        Teradata
    ·        ADABAS

III) Web Browsers

·         Web browser is used to utilized to browse the internet. Web browsers assist the users in locating as well as retrieving data well across the web.

·        examples of Web Browsers:-

  •   ·    Google Chrome
  •   ·    Safari
  •   ·    Internet Explorer
  •   ·   Opera
  •      UC Browser 

   Basic Questions And Answers Of computer software

11  1) What is software?

2) Explain the concept of Software in brief

3) what are the types of software?

4) what is system software?

5) what is application software?

6) what are the types of system software?

7) list different types of operating systems

8) explain different type of application software ‘

9) what is web browser? give examples




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