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Amazon Web Services (AWS)

 Amazon Web Services (AWS)

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👉Amazon Web Services AWS

Amazon Web Services (AWS) is the world’s most comprehensive and broadly adopted cloud platform, offering over 175 fully featured services from data centers globally. Millions of customers—including the fastest-growing startups, largest enterprises, and leading government agencies—are using AWS to lower costs, become more agile, and innovate faster.

👉Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)

Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) lets you provision a logically isolated section of the AWS Cloud where you can launch AWS resources in a virtual network that you define. You have complete control over your virtual networking environment, including selection of your own IP address range, creation of subnets, and configuration of route tables and network gateways. You can use both IPv4 and IPv6 in your VPC for secure and easy access to resources and applications.

You can easily customize the network configuration of your Amazon VPC. For example, you can create a public-facing subnet for your web servers that have access to the internet. You can also place your backend systems, such as databases or application servers, in a private-facing subnet with no internet access. You can use multiple layers of security, including security groups and network access control lists, to help control access to Amazon EC2 instances in each subnet.

You can create a maximum 5 VPC in one region.

You can create a 200 subnets in one VPC also create 200 routing tables.

You can create 5 elastic IP in one AWS account.

Once you create a VPC, DHCP, NACL and security groups will be automatically created by default.

VPC created on a region not in availability zone.

Subnets can be created in availability zone not in region.

Once VPC created you cannot change its CIDR Block range

If you need different CIDR size create a new VPC

👉Types of VPC:

There are two types of VPC

1)      Default VPC

2)      Custom VPC

 

1)    Default VPC

Default VPC created in each AWS region when an AWS account is created

2)    Custom VPC

Is a VPC an AWS account owner creates

👉Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web service that provides secure, resizable compute capacity in the cloud. It is designed to make web-scale cloud computing easier for developers. Amazon EC2’s simple web service interface allows you to obtain and configure capacity with minimal friction. It provides you with complete control of your computing resources and lets you run on Amazon’s proven computing environment.

What is Instance?

instance is a virtual server in the cloud. Its configuration at launch is a copy of the AMI that you specified when you launched the instance.

You can launch different types of instances from a single AMI. An instance type essentially determines the hardware of the host computer used for your instance. Each instance type offers different compute and memory capabilities. Select an instance type based on the amount of memory and computing power that you need for the application or software that you plan to run on the instance. For more information about the hardware specifications for each Amazon EC2 instance

👉Types of instances

1)      General purpose

2)      Compute optimized

3)      Storage optimized

4)      Memory optimized

5)      Accelerated computing

6)      High memory

👉Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)

Elastic Load Balancing automatically distributes incoming application traffic across multiple targets, such as Amazon EC2 instances, containers, IP addresses, and Lambda functions. It can handle the varying load of your application traffic in a single Availability Zone or across multiple Availability Zones. Elastic Load Balancing offers three types of load balancers that all feature the high availability, automatic scaling, and robust security necessary to make your applications fault tolerant.

Elastic load balancing scales your load balancer as traffic to your application changes over time 

Load balancer supports three types of load balancers

1) Application load balancer

2) Network load balancer

3) Classic load balancer

👉Simple Storage Service (S3)

Amazon Simple Storage Service is storage for the Internet. It is designed to make web-scale computing easier for developers.

Amazon S3 has a simple web services interface that you can use to store and retrieve any amount of data, at any time, from anywhere on the web. It gives any developer access to the same highly scalable, reliable, fast, inexpensive data storage infrastructure that Amazon uses to run its own global network of web sites. The service aims to maximize benefits of scale and to pass those benefits on to developers.

This guide explains the core concepts of Amazon S3, such as buckets, access points, and objects, and how to work with these resources using the Amazon S3 application programming interface (API).

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